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The Journal of Pediatric Infectious Diseases and Immunology > Vol.31 No.4 contents > Abstract

Article in Japanese

Usefulness of pamphlet distribution in increasing knowledge and awareness on antimicrobial resistance

Taizo KUSANO1), Tadashi HOSHINO1), Tomomichi KUROSAKI2), Hiroki ABE3), Naruhiko ISHIWADA4)

This study distributed pamphlets that provided information on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in Pediatric/Otolaryngology clinics. Subsequently, a 4-question questionnaire was administered to assess the effects of the pamphlets prospectively on the knowledge and awareness regarding AMR among the families of pediatrics patients.
Groups that had never read (non-intervention group: n=532) or read (intervention group: n=230) the pamphlet were compared.
There was a significant difference in 2 of the 4 questions about knowledge. In total, 47.7% of the non-intervention and 29.6% of the intervention group answered, "Antimicrobials are effective against the common cold" (p<0.05), and 47.2% of the non-intervention and 77.8% of the intervention group answered, "I have previously heard about drug-resistant bacteria" (p<0.05). However, there was no significant difference between the two groups in questions about awareness.
Although the distribution of pamphlets improved the knowledge of pediatric patients' families, no change in awareness was observed. Future activities aimed at promoting measures against AMR must be combined with multifaceted activities other than pamphlet distribution.

1) Division of Infectious Diseases, Chiba Children's Hospital
2) Kurosaki Children's Clinic
3) Abehiroki Children's Clinic
4) Medical Mycology Research Center, Chiba University

Key words action plan on antimicrobial resistance (AMR), appropriate use of antimicrobials, patient education, questionnaire survey, distribution of pamphlets
Received April 18, 2019
Accepted August 2, 2019

31 (4):327─334,2019