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Article in Japanese

Kawasaki disease developing during the course of herpes zoster by varicella vaccine strain

Keisuke OYATANI1), Hiroyuki TSUTSUMI2)

This paper describes a 1-year-6-month old boy who suffered from herpes zoster. He also developed Kawasaki disease (KD) during its course. The patient had no history of varicella, but had had a varicella vaccination six months previously. A varicella zoster virus (VZV) gene could be detected in his blisters, and sequence analysis revealed that it was a varicella vaccine strain. Therefore, revitalization of varicella vaccine virus could be associated with the onset of KD.

1) Department of Pediatrics, Tomakomai City Hospital
2) Hokkaido Saiseikai Nishiotaru Hospital

Key words Kawasaki disease, varicella vaccination, varicella, herpes zoster
Received August 13, 2018
Accepted February 18, 2019

31 (2):151─156,2019