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Article in Japanese

A case of imported measles in 5-year-old girl

Takanori YANAI, Shingo KOBARI, Mioko KASAGI, Kota AO, Atsushi ISOZAKI

A 5-year-old girl who had not been vaccinated previously against measles and rubella presented with fever, maculopapular rash, conjunctivitis, and cough 8 days after her return from the Philippines. Genotype B measles virus RNA was detected in the blood, urine, and throat swab samples by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Genotype B was also isolated from other cases of measles among Japanese patients who had visited the Philippines during the same period. We concluded that our patient had been exposed to the measles virus while in the Philippines because the Philippines is an endemic area and because of the incubation period. Currently, measles has been eliminated in Japan, but there is an increasing concern with regard to imported infections. In daily medical practice, we should continue to educate patients about measles and rubella vaccination and suspect imported diseases as a standard practice.

Department of Pediatrics, Yokohama Minato Red Cross Hospital

Key words
Received February 21, 2014
Accepted March 26, 2014

26 (2):237─240,2014